Best Betta Fish Tank: Fluval Flex 9 gallon VS. Marineland Portrait 5 gallon

Finding the best betta fish tank can be a difficult task to do. You have to invest lots of effort, doing research about what is betta fish requirement. 

If you are a beginner and do not have any experience before, it is better to get started with the fish tank kit.

Fluval Flex 9 gallon VS. Marineland Portrait 5 gallon are two of those kits that easy, convenient, and come with almost all you need to keeping betta fish.

#1 Design

The similar feature of Fluval Flax and Marineland is that they are rounded front and the curved corners which giving them a unique and elegant look. This also allows you to look at the fish from different angles and make the cleaning on the glass walls is easier.

Marineland portrait 5 gallon is vertical; therefore it is quite difficult for you when cleaning since you will have to submerge your aim into the water when cleaning or changing water inside the tank. 

However, the portrait shape also allows you to place your aquarium in the placement that the normal standard aquarium wouldn’t fit.

A Fluval Flex 9 gallon is a square shape that means you can put it at the place that the rectangle tanks couldn’t place.

#2 Size

5 gallons tank size is compact, this size allows you to place your aquarium in the small space such as a desk. Besides, 5 gallon is the minimum tank size that you should provide for your betta fish, that means you should not keep them in the under 5 gallons sized tank. 

However, once you add substrate, decoration, and plant and into the tank, they are also taking the living space of your fish.

In this case, Fluval Flex 9 gallons tank seems to be the better option for your betta fish. 9 gallons will provide enough space for the fish to swim around and also keeping the water conditions stay stable. It won’t require as much effort of maintenance as a smaller gallon tank.

#3 The lights

The advantage of lighting systems in Marineland Portrait 5 gallons is that it reproduces the light that betta has in their natural environment. These LED lights have a white and blue color. 

The white mimic natural sunlight on the water and the blue light mimics the beams of the moon on water at night. However, the drawback is that the amount of light that it emits is not enough to grow plants.

 The light of Fluval Flex 9 gallons gives you lots of benefits. It allows you to adjust the light brighter or dimmer easily, which you cannot do with the light of Marineland Portrait. 

It is also can change the colors from a variety of different colors. The only drawback is that sometimes it seems to be too bright for your fish.  

Frequently Asked Questions About Reptile Light

Almost species of reptiles require lighting and heating to maintain body functions such as respiration, circulation, digestion and identify a day and night cycle.

The Ultraviolet rays that contain in natural sunlight also important for reptiles absorb vitamin D and calcium metabolism.

Even though you are placing their cage nearby a sunny window, the glass wall of the tank can block almost completely all the UV light. Therefore, you have to mimic these natural lights in their enclosure.

This post is about some frequently asked questions of reptile lights that you should know before you get a start on your keeping reptiles hobby.

What is artificial reptile light?

There are two wavelengths of UV radiation that you should offer for your reptiles are UVA and UVB rays

UVA is one part of ultraviolet that should contain in reptile light, which helps reptiles maintain their normal behaviors such as feeding, climbing, mating, etc. Moreover, UVA ray is the light that reptiles can see and create the proper day and night cycle in the terrarium.

UVB is the non-visible spectrum of light but absolutely essential for almost reptiles. UVB rays help reptiles absorb vitamin D3, which allows them to synthesis calcium from their food and preventing disease of metabolic bone.

Do all reptiles need UVB lighting?

Not every reptile will need UVB light to survive. There is some kind of them are nocturnal animals not really need UVB lighting; they did great by getting vitamin D3 from their supplement.

Snakes also absorb vitamin D3 from the liver and the prey that they eat. However, all the reptiles also get benefit from UVA lighting in order to maintain their normal activities.

Should reptiles get too much amount of vitamin D3?

There are some reptiles have the ability to regulating the amount of vitamin D3 that they get inside their body from UVB lamp. However, they can overdose of vitamin D3 if you provide it for them by feeding supplements.

And they can decrease the amount of D3 by themselves. This is why you should control the amount of vitamin D3 that you give them and UVB lighting is also a safer way than dietary supplementation.

How long does crested gecko lifespan last?

Although crested geckos have a small appearance but they do not have a short lifespan as their look. The face that, crested gecko has a long life as same as the other bigger pets such as dogs and cats. They are long-term commitments; therefore, they are also the ideal animals for family pets to keep at home.

If you are an owner of crested geckos, you will wonder what the crested gecko lifespan in captivity, the factors affect their lifespan and how to extend the crested gecko lifespan to help them live a long, happy and healthy life.

 

How long does a crested gecko live?

There is nothing can determine the age of crested geckos in the wild but it is believed that the lifespan of a wild crested gecko is about 4-5 years old or shorter. Because in the natural environment, crested gecko has to face some dangers such as predators and health problems.

But in the captive, under proper care, crested gecko can live about 15-20 years old and more. Since they can live with you for decades, you should provide them a good condition as soon as you bring them home.

Although in captivity, crested geckos do not have to face a danger from predator animals, there are also some threats such as diseases and other pets.

What are the factors can determine the crested geckos lifespan?

Genetics: Like the other reptile, crested geckos also have a rick of metabolic bone disease. This disease due to the lack of calcium and vitamin D3

The way you take care for your crested geckos: In order to produce a healthy and long life for your pet, you should give them: an appropriate cage with full installed equipment they need (lighting, heater, accessories, etc.), the proper temperature and humidity, and usually visits the vet.

The well-balanced diet: You should provide them a good commercial diet. And once per week, giving them insects and occasional fruit as a treat.

How to choose the best aquarium light timer?

It is a regular occurrence when you forget to turn off the aquarium lights. In this situation, it would be so great if you get an automatic aquarium lighting. The light timers may be cheaper than you are thinking.

Not only that, but they can also help you save energy and money because they will manage the time you using light.

Besides, using the light for a long time without turn it off increases the risk of the sprout of algae. As you can see, the light timers do not just make your tank a good appearance, they also bring you a lot of benefits.

With the best aquarium light timer, you will always set your mind at rest even when you are far away.

#1 Can efficiently do the automatic lights on and off

A light timer should be working effectively, in turn, the lights on and off in your stead. This device could significantly assist you even when you are not at home or at night. Check the efficiency of your device before buying it.

#2 Can ensure durable and reliable use for your fish tank

We recommend you to buy the timers are manufactured by famous brands. They could come with a warranty certificate and make them durable construction materials that make them withstand hard wear and long-lasting performance.

#3 Saving energy

Choosing the light timers which come with energy-saving features. This feature will reduce the cost you need to pay for electric use for the tank. Almost modern versions of light timers are equipped with power-saving features.

#4 Spare battery

The light times include spare battery using in a case of power interruption, why not? Even when there is no electricity, your device can still work efficiently.

How to set up the best aquarium starter kit?

For starters, the experience of zero is difficult for you to be able to set up a complete aquarium.

A complete aquarium is full of accessories and tools so you will be out of place with so much to do. However, currently there are many best aquarium starter kits on the market for you to choose.

Aquarium starter kits come with a variety of equipment and decorations so you no longer have to think about what’s missing for your tank.

To make it easier to set up a new aquarium, let’s take a look at how to set up the best aquarium starter kit.

#1 Decide the location for the aquarium starter kit

The first step when setting up an aquarium starter kit is to choose a location to place it. The basic requirements of this position are a flat surface and strong enough to withstand the weight of the aquarium starter kit.

Aquarium starter kits are usually lighter in weight and smaller than conventional tanks so you don’t need to invest an expensive stand. A sturdy tabletop or low walls is enough to hold its mass.

You should also place it in places near the power outlet so that you can integrate many other devices. And you should also avoid places exposed to sunlight.

#2 Clean the items

You should clean all decorations that come with the aquarium starter kit before setting up.

You can’t be sure how these things came into contact with the environment before, so you should clean them to keep the aquarium clean.

#3 Fill the aquarium with water

You should fill the tank with water at the spot where you position it. After the tank is filled with water, the tank will be very heavy so you should not move it. And you certainly wouldn’t want to take the risk of carrying a heavy glass aquarium.

#4 Add the device

After filling the tank with water, add equipment to the aquarium. You should add decorations in order from bottom to top, then the electric appliances turn.

Best way to fence and house pigs

If you’re considering raising pigs for meat on your little ranch or property, you presumably need to understand how to house and fence them the right way.

Fencing for Small Enclosures

Pigs are significantly more specialized than goats at evading fencing. Most specialists suggest electric fencing, but also hog panels can be utilized. A few farmers keep hogs in a little enclosure with hog boards, guaranteeing that their space will be formed into mud in days to come. Pigs brought up this way require just around 10 square feet of room each. Their smell will be terrible. Furthermore, you will have pay for everything that they eat so as you can see, this is an expensive method of raising pigs.

Be that as it may, you might need to think about utilizing electric fencing to enclose your pigs in a bigger field. If you give them the adequate space that they need, they will spread their own droppings, adding fertilizer to the land (or you can haul the manure out and compost it with wood chips, straw and hay). The best method to pasturing pigs, as with any other animal, is rotational grazing. This simply means rotating them to new pasture as the present field gets muddy and churned. You can rotate them week by week, depending on the size of the pasture. Chickens, cattle, goats as well as sheep can all be raised this way.

Pigs eat grass as well as brush, so they can be used to clear territories that are increasingly rough.

The Best Housing for Pigs

For housing, pigs require a three-sided shield that will protect them from rain, wind and the sun. You can assemble this out of scrap wood, pallets or whatever else you have around. They should have win protection, have shade and be dry. That is about it. Ensure that your sanctuary has abundant ventilation.

Give them high-carbon bedding, for example, straw or hay to absorb their poop and urine and hold the smell.

Water is additionally a key piece of pig housing. Pigs do not only drink a lot of water but they need lots of it to wallow in and cool off occasionally. All these can end up getting the water dirty so ensure you provide them with fresh and clean water at all times.

Back to fencing. Pigs are brilliant. They will rapidly figure out how to regard an electric fence, regardless of whether that is woven wire fencing with a hot wire around nose level or a few strands of electric wire. Pigs cannot hop or jump, so it doesn’t need to be high—something like three feet high ought to do it. In any case, you will likewise need to ensure that you leave a non-electrified “entryway” for the pigs to leave and enter the pen, as they won’t cross a territory where the electric fence has been previously.

You can use electric net fencing as well as poly wire. Remember these tips:

  • For posts, T-posts or cedar posts function admirably.
  • Ensure you have a solid energizer, at least 2 joules, and 6 joules in the event that you can bear the cost of it.
  • Hog panels can likewise be useful for temporary pens.

Why are ball pythons great pets

The ball python is a decent snake for a new snake owner. Growing to be about 5 feet long when mature, ball pythons are not as vast as most constricting snakes that people keep as pets but they are very accommodating and quite easy to handle.

  • Names: Ball (Python regius)
  • Size: Up to 5 feet
  • Lifespan: Typically 20 to 30 years, but some love to be more than that

Temperament and Behavior of Ball Pythons

Ball pythons earned their names from the way they fold themselves into a tight ball when threatened, tucking their head inside their curls. Young ball pythons grow up to one foot every year until they’re three years. They can live for quite a while with the right kind of care.

Housing Ball Pythons

Ball pythons are not terribly dynamic snakes so a small enclosure should suffice (Using a 30-gallon tank for a mature one and a 10- to 20-gallon tank for younger snakes). They can escape if given the chance so ensure a tight lid is provided.

There are several alternatives for substrate for your snake including Astroturf, newsprint and shredded barb. Provide a dark hiding spot and some sturdy branches within the cage for your snake.

An under the tank heating tank intended for reptiles functions admirably but monitoring the temperature is difficult.

Never utilize hot rocks with pet reptiles and ensure the bulb or heat component is screened off so it does not come in contact with the snake and cause burns.

Provide a dish sufficient enough for the snake to take a dip in and soak. The snake soaks a lot during shedding season. Another option is to provide a humidity retreat, which likewise utilizes a secured compartment with an entrance gap fixed with damp sphagnum or paper towels to provide the required moisture.

Water and Food

Ball pythons can fed medium sized rats or small mice, depending on the size of the snake and this should be every week or two. Young snakes ought to be fed fuzzy mice every 5 to 7 days while full-grown snakes can be fed a larger prey as they can go up to two weeks before their next meal. Use pre-killed prey since live mice can harm a snake. Dangling the prey before the snake with forceps usually makes the snake interested in the meal.

Common Health Problems

As with other snakes, the ball python suffers from inclusion body disease. Indeed, even captive bred ball pythons can sometimes refuse to eat for a couple of months.  For whatever length of time this happens and it does not affect the snake’s body weight and condition, this is not problematic.

In the event that your snake refuses to eat for a while, cautiously analyze the environment, health, handling and husbandry farming to be absolutely sure the snake is not stressed out.

To keep your pet healthier one using one of the best reptile thermostats. When you plug in a heat mat or lamp, a thermostat gives you precise control over the environment.

Choosing a Ball Python

When you finally decide to get your own ball python, search for a captivity bred and young python (you may need to discover a breeder for this). Go for a snake that has a vent, clean eyes and a well-rounded body and does not display any of the symptoms of respiratory problems (wheezing, bubbles around nostrils).

Central American boa as a pet

Central American boas incorporate boa constrictors from Panama, Costa Rica, Belize and other Central American nations. They have an extensive variety of morphs and colours, which are varieties not the same as those regularly found in the forests. They make extraordinary pets and are less demanding to maintain and handle when compared to other bigger snakes.

Central American Boa Female
Central American Boa Female
  • Scientific Name: Boa constrictor imperator
  • Common Names: Common Boa, Central American Boa.
  • Lifespan: 20 to 35 years
  • Size: 4 to 6 feet

Central American Boa Temperament and Behavior

While it is difficult to consider any substantial snake an extraordinary “starter” snake, boas are prevalent with first-time owners and this is due to their well-behaved nature. The Central American Boa is somewhat more aggressive than its Columbian counterpart, but with proper handling and care, it reveals its docile nature. So to avoid being bitten a high-quality pair of snake-bite proof handling gloves is essential. Snake handling gloves will ensure you are protected from harm, improve your confidence in handling snakes and make sure the snake is comfortable as well. 

The snake should be handled a lot during the week to gradually build up the trust between snake and owner.

As with other snakes, wash hands before and after handling.

Housing the Central American Boa

While little, boas ought to be housed in a 10 to 15-gallon vivarium or an enclosure 1 foot wide and 2 feet long. As the boa grows, they ought to be introduced to their final place of rest, which ought to be somewhere around 2 feet wide and 4 feet long. Similarly, as with any snake, a place to rest and get away from everything else.

Water and Food

A youthful boa requires regular feedings than the bigger grown-ups, so plan on feeding the Central American boa once weekly until it gets to around 2 to 3 feet long. From then on, you can feed them once every 10 days and one in 2 weeks when mature. It is vital not to overfeed your boa because this could lead to serious health issues later on.

Boas are suckers for rats and mice but be sure to watch them feed, especially when feeding them live animals.

With the right training, they can be transitioned to eating frozen or dead food. Warm up food in warm water and never use a microwave which could cook the inside of the food.

A solid water bowl sufficiently extensive for the boa to splash inside ought to likewise be incorporated into the housing. The water ought to be changed out day by day and will help keep the moistness up inside the housing.

Substrate

The base of the boa’s vivarium or tank ought to be fixed with a fitting substrate for bedding. Snake carpet, cypress mulch, aspen, paper towels or newspapers are all ideal.

Pine or cedar mulch is toxic to reptiles so do well to stay away from them. Also, design the inside of the housing with small plants, rocks and sticks.

Warmth

A varying temperature should be present in the housing. This ought to incorporate a hot luxuriating zone somewhere in the range of 90 and 95 degrees F and a cooler region somewhere in the range of 78 and 82 degrees F. Warmth sources can be basking bulbs, under tank heaters, hot rocks, ceramic heaters and heat pads.  Concealing spots for both the hot and cool segments should be included in the housing and they ought to be indistinguishable.

Basic Health Problems

Common health problems can include dermatitis, respiratory diseases, parasites and inclusion body disease.

Rough Green Snake Bite: Preventive Measures To Undertake

Despite being docile, a rough green snake can bite humans, especially when their habitat is disturbed or when they feel threatened in any way. They are non-venomous, which means that they won’t kill the cells or disrupt the blood flow. Nonetheless, when they bite, they can cause deep marks on the skin, which can also result in bleeding. Depending on the severity, you can be in pain. Keep on reading and we’ll tackle some of the best preventive measures.

Stay Away from their Habitat

Being arboreal creatures, rough green snakes mostly live in trees and low bushes. They are also common in low grass and dense vegetation, especially when they are near the water. During the cool season, they often hide beneath rocks and debris. They are also excellent swimmers, which is why you can find them even in the water. By knowing where they may hide, you will know the places that you should avoid to minimize the risk of being bitten.

Protect Yourself

Whether you are camping in the forest or trimming plants in the garden, you will never know when you can encounter a rough green snake or any other type of snake. With this, your best line of defense is to be protected. To effectively prevent rough green snake bite, it would be best to wear gloves to protect the hand. To protect the legs and the foot against a rough green snake bite, on the other hand, wearing the right pants and boots will help.

Catch the Snake

No, we are not talking about catching it with your bare hands. Despite not having deadly venom, this is one thing that you should avoid as they still have fangs that can bite you. Instead, you need to trap them. For instance, in the garden, you can use traps that will catch them once they get in contact with it. You can also use a tong or a hook to safely catch the snake and get rid of it, especially if you see it lurking in the backyard of your home.

In sum, rough green snakes are gentle and they seldom bite. When they bite, they are non-venomous. Nonetheless, this can still lead to bleeding, pain, and paranoia, especially for someone who is uneducated. Take note of the precautionary measures that have been discussed above if you want to have peace of mind.

How to proper use fly mask for horse?

Fly and biting insects season can make your horse’s life miserable. Not only make your horses annoy, they can also be dangerous to horse’s healthy. This is why you will need the best fly mask for horse to protect your horses from these nuisances.

Because the skin around horse’s face is often more sensitive than usual, using the fly spray for horses can irritate their face, eyes and ears. Fly mask for horse is one of the easiest and most effective methods for providing protection to sensitive this sensitive part. You can learn more about how to properly use fly masks, what is should and should not do with fly masks.

#1 Can horses wear fly mask at night?

Do not do that. Unless there is a medical reason if your horse has an open wound on the face, you should remove the fly mask for horses at night. Not only at night, the fly mask should not be worn for extended periods during the day as well.

Your horses do not really need it at night, and for the optimal health of the horses, the fly mask is taken off a few times a day.

#2 Clean the mask frequently

Since dust, mud, and other debris form the mask can fall into your horse’s eyes and an overall grimy mask can lead to skin infections, so it is better to clean the mask daily. If you are too busy to do it every day, you should create a schedule of when you have clean your horse fly masks to avoid forget it sometimes.

The mixture of water, mid liquid soap and some kind of antibacterial agent can be very useful to wash fly mask. The fleece edging of the mash is very easy to get soil, so you should carefully slosh it. You should have at least 2 fly masks, so you can put on one while the other is being washed.

#3 Check the mask for damage

At the end of the day, you should double check the mask if there is any damage exists. The flies can go through the mask from ripped or worn areas. It’s also can has rip or wear to show up in seams that connect ear coverings.

The mask from reliable brands usually has the long lifespan. However, after a season of using, you should check it every day. The damage of the mask will become very dangerous for the horses especially if the damaged part is near their eyes as if can rub on their skin and eyes.