Vertical LED Grow Light Cannabis Farm At MedMen - YouTube

How to grow cannabis with vertical LED grow lights

In the past ten years, more cultivators have been shifting towards the indoor production of cannabis. As a result, more innovations have come up to ensure that the yields are superior and of high-quality. One of these technological advancements is the vertical LED grow lights that increase yields over a short period.

Vertical farming LED lighting initiates earlier flower development, increases the plant’s density, and intensifies trichomes’ concentration.

If your grow space has conducive temperatures, you are lucky. If not, make sure you have enough vents and fans to maintain an optimum temperature of about 22°C-28°C and a 30-50 humidity level.

A cannabis plant goes through three stages of growth, and below is a break-down of how you can properly use vertical grow lights to increase the potency and quality of the cannabis plant.

Stage one: germination

This first phase takes three (3) to seven (7) days, and it’s when the seed sprouts. The taproot comes first, followed by the first set of leaves for your cannabis plant. To increase the germination rate, subject your seeds to sufficient moisture, warmth, rest, and gentleness (do not touch as it could break the fragile taproot).

This stage doesn’t require any lighting as germination needs darkness. When the seedling reaches 2cms, it is ready to be planted.

Stage two: vegetative phase

Vertical grow lights give you the power to decide how long or short you would like your vegetative stage to be. This determines the size and shape the cannabis plant will take. The longer it takes, the bigger it becomes.

Cannabis plants are extremely sensitive. A slight change in lighting will trigger the next stage; therefore, if you want a longer vegetative stage, let the light exposure time remain the same until you are satisfied with the growth.

Always have a PH meter to ensure that the cannabis maintains a PH of about 5.6 to 6.5 depending on the growth stage.

To move to the flowering stage, use a timer to reduce the amount of time the plants are exposed to light.

Lighting schedule explained

A lighting schedule is the amount of time the cannabis plant is exposed to light by the LED grow lights versus the darkness it gets. For example, some cultivators give plants an 18hour light exposure and 6-hour darkness exposure, while others prefer a 24-0 or 12-12 lighting schedule.

Stage 3: Flowering stage

When the lighting schedule changes, flowering begins immediately. When using feminized or auto flower seeds, the transition goes smoothly. When dealing with both male and female plants, ensure you remove all non-flowering plants (male plants) at this stage to prevent yields characterized by buds filled with seeds.

Increasing yields using LED grow lights during the flowering stage.

Expose the buds in the bushy areas of your cannabis by tucking away the leaves for sufficient penetration of light. This ensures maximum growth.

Increase the amount of light reaching your plant by moving your vertical grow lights closer to the plants. You can start by slowly moving an inch every couple of days. Be on the look-out for signs of burning, like leaves falling off or changing their color to brown.

The vertical grow light’s ideal distance to the cannabis should be between 8 inches to 16 inches, depending on the LED’s strength (150W to 1000W).

The next step is harvesting your cannabis. The trichomes turn from clear to cloudy to indicate ripening.
Vertical LED Grow Light Cannabis Farm At MedMen - YouTube

Why are vertical LED grow lights perfect for cannabis growth?

  • They contain ultraviolet light, which eradicates mold, pests, and fungus.
  • Farmers can manipulate the vertical grow lights to display various colors and wavelengths essential for the cannabis plants throughout their growth, resulting in high yields.
  • They are energy efficient and produce much better results compared to other sources like fluorescent lights.
  • An average LED grow light has a lifespan of about 50,000 hours, making it durable and long-lasting.
  • It produces moderate heat and does not damage the cannabis plants.

Vivarium vs Tortoise table: Which is the best tortoise enclosure?

When it comes to housing tortoise, it is not an easy task to provide a home as similar to the tortoise’s natural environment as possible. Most tortoise owner will get confuse when looking for suitable indoor enclosures for tortoises.

There are two of the most common types of tortoise enclosure are Vivariums and Tortoise. Each of them has their own pros and cons and effects on a variety of species.

#1 Vivariums

The biggest problem with vivarium is lack of ventilation, especially in homemade vivariums. When constructing their own vivariums, many owner want to keep the enclosure warm and forgot about the vents.

However, there are many commercical vivarium for tortoise that be constructed with adequate ventilation, which is very important for the health of the tortoise. You can easy choose on of them in the market.

You just need to ensure that the vivariums you choose has the vent holes or mesh screen. Most all species of tortoises seem to do well in enclosed vivariums with adequate ventilation. You can rest your mind that these vivarium will still retain a reasonable temperature at night if you setup the enclosure with a basking bulb.

Beside, vivarium also do the great job to keep your tortoise safe inside due to the glass sliding doors. The doors can be locked and protect your pets from inquisitive children or home pets.

#2 Tortoise table

The advantage of tortoise table is that it has maximum ventilation. It is widely believed that tortoise is the best tortoise enclosure. However, it is not true for all the cases. This also depends on the species of tortoise, the environment where you live and keep the table, and whether or not you wish to hibernate your tortoise.

If you are kepping Mediterranean species such as Horsfield tortoise, then they can do very well in both vivarium and tortoise tables. This is because in the wild, the temperature around them will reduct naturally at night.

It is more difficult to maitain the ideal temperature at night in the tortoise table than a vivarium. While tropical species need higher temperature at night, so they more prefer to live in vivarium. The Tortoise Table may struggle maintaining a reasonable temperature especially during the winter.

How to keep your gerbils stay active in enclosure?

Mots gerbil owners want to keep they be active as they would be in nature. But gerbils do not have plenty of space to run around in the enclosure. This is why they need an alternative method of getting exercise.

They might sometimes need help and encouragement from their owners to get enough exercise. You can keep your gerbil stay active and healthy by giving them some toys, creating a stimulating environment for them to live in.

#1 Gerbil running wheel

Exercise wheels are a popular accessory in gerbil cages. Some gerbils just like to run on the wheel and it provides a perfect exercise for them. There are just some things to keep in mind when choosing best gerbil wheel are: make sure it is specifically designed for gerbils, not for hamster, be large enough for a gerbil, and have a suitable solid running surface.

Your gerbils need larger wheels that have are least 20 cm (8″) in diameter, larger even better to them. Never use a wire gerbil wheel with large gap as their tail could get caught in it.

#2 Flying saucers

Flying saucers have a same form as running wheel and even be safer. Gerbils can use flying saucers to run on. If your gerbils do not like their wheel or you cannot find a good wheel for them, then a flying saucer is a good alternative to running wheel as it is better at preventing gerbil’s tails from get caught.

Flying saucers should be made of metal or chew-proof plastic. They should also have a large enough diameter, similar to that of running wheels.

#3 Exercise ball

You can place your gerbil in exercise ball. Gerbil will walk around like normal and move the ball from inside. This will make the ball roll around the floor. However, you also need to ensure that you get the ball specifically made for gerbils. It should have at least 7 inches (18 cm) in diameter.

It is also important to see if your gerbils like using it and always be in the vicinity. Also, you should take them out of the ball after 5-10 minutes. This is because there are some dangers associated with exercise balls.

Gerbils have only a limited sight and being bump or crash into furniture or falling down from stairs with the balls can make your gerbil get stress.

Can chameleons get too much UVB?

If you are chameleons owner, you will know that they are fragile in nature, and have some very specific needs. Without continual proper care, a pet chameleon can become very sick, very quickly. If chameleons do not receive enough UVB lights daily, they will get sick and potentially die from it.

However, do you wonder what happen if chameleons get too much UVB? Perhaps one of the most common mistakes of the novice chameleon owner is not get the correct UVB light for the cage size.

#1 Having too much UVB

Your pet chameleons can never get enough of UVB lights. This is because they have the ability to regulate the amount of vitamin D3 it synthesizes with a UVB bulb or from natural sunlight. So, you do not need to worry about overdose your pets with a UVB bulb or natural sunlight.

However, overdose can be occurred if you feed vitamin D3 supplements or drops for chameleons. Vitamin D3 is a fat-soluble vitamin stored in the liver, due to this, chameleons cannot reduce the amount of D3 in their body if there is too much.

Therefore, it is always better if you provide vitamin D3 through best UVB bulb for chameleons or natural light than dietary supplementation.

#2 How many hours of UVB does a chameleon need?

Chameleons must be exposed to at least 10 hours of UVB light per day and 12 hours is better from UVB spectrum of light. If you still worry that your pets are overexpose, you should follow our 12-hour per day guidelines.

#3 Should I get low-UVB bulbs if my chameleon\’s cage is next to the window?

Regular glass filters out over 98% of UVB rays. So placing your chameleons cage next to the window does not provide any UVB rays for them unless you open the cage and there is no glass between the sunlight and your chameleon.

Low-UVB bulbs produce 1 percent to 2 percent UVB, It is not enough to provide UVB for chameleon even when chameleon\’s cage is next to the window. Bulbs specifically stating that they provide 5% or more UVB spectrum should be used while the chameleon is indoors.

How often should you brush your horse?

As the horse’s owner, one of your biggest responsibilities is grooming your horse daily. Basic grooming not only helps to remove mud and dust, tidying the mane and tail with a brush but also gives you a chance to detect any injuries or other health problems in the horse’s skin such as cuts, infections, and allergic.

Aside from getting best horse grooming brushes, you also should know clearly about how and when you should do this job.

#1 Living conditions

Whether your horse lives outside full time or inside in their stable, spending your time for grooming is important to improve your horse’s overall well-being. But if your horses live in a pasture and in a group, they should be brushed everyday or even a few time per day. Because in this living conditions, they will very easy to get dust and also infected parasitic from other horse.

Besides grooming horses, you should allow them to roll in sand or mud since this is what they love to do in the natural habitat.

#2 Times of the year

Another factor that affects the frequency of grooming horse is the time of year. In the spring, when horses are shedding their coat, the grooming task should be performed more frequently.

You can help your horses remove excess hairs by using a tool especially for the job, such as a hard rubber curry comb. During winter and fall, if your living area is wet and muddy, you also should brush the horses to remove finer particles and dust and also obstinate stain of muddy. You can choose the horse grooming kits with all the tools you need.

In the summer, the high temperature makes the horse sweat and they need rinsing or shampooing. Grooming helps will helps them remove sweat and also avoid fly.

#3 Working level

After finished the works and before being back in the paddock to roll in the dust, the horse also should be brush, cooled down and removed sweat with a wet sponge. After hard working time, grooming is a reward for the horses, which help stimulates their blood flow, reduce pains associated with muscle work and give the horses a change to relax.

What is the most suitable litter tray for your rabbit?

Before looking for the best litter for rabbits, it is important to have the good litter tray that are suitable for your pets. Between a wide variety of litter trays available commercially, with different types of tray and sold for other purposes, which can provide more practical options?

This post will help you make the right decision by giving you some main considerations and factor when choosing a litter tray.

#1 Size

Do you use this little tray for one or two rabbits? If you have multiple rabbits and using the same tray for them, you have to ensure that it is big enough for them. The tray needs to be roomy for your rabbit to comfortably sit and also has enough room for a pile of hay since rabbits could like to eat when they poop.

A rabbit require at least 40cm x 25cm of tray. Rabbits grow quickly so that you should choose the tray that bigger than your rabbits size, think about their sizes when they fully grown. If the litter tray is too small, your rabbits may tent to not use it.

#2 Height

Rabbits tent to poop and pee at one end of the box. They lift their tails to urinate. So if the tray is too low, it is the rick that they will urinate over the edge. Using the litter in the tray also lift up the floor. To ensure that your rabbits will urinate inside the tray, it should be at least 10cm height.

#3 Easy to access

You have to consider your rabbit’s situation before buying the litter tray. A healthy rabbit will have no problem hopping 15cm into a tray. However, it will be the matter if you have older or disabled rabbits.
They would otherwise have trouble climbing over the edge of other litter boxes, so you will need to get the low rise litter box, which have a low front and a high back so it’s easy to get into.

You also note that the outdoor rabbit hutch also needs the litter for rabbit too.

#4 Litter boxes for diggers

Another types of litter box that is intended specifically for who love to dig in the litter tray. A separate digging box or enclosing the litter box will be useful for both you and your rabbits if they love to dig. This box will contain the mess of litter when the rabbit digging.

You also can create this box yourself by using a cardboard box. It just need to big enough to fit the tray. Placing the tray into the cardboard and allow your rabbit dig and urines inside.